Scientific instruments and their use

Have you ever seen an strange scientific instruments and wondered for what is it used?
Scientific instruments looks as strange as the stuffs that can be done with them.
Here is a list of some popular scientific instrument , it’s image and it’s work.

Scientific instruments are mostly used to take measurements of some physical quantity , after all science is all about measurements.
There is a whole zoo of scientific instruments like Mobile phone , Computer , Rocket ; But what we are going to talk about here is the scientific instruments which are basically used to take scientific measurements.

Here is a list of some scientific instruments with their image and their use.

Altimeter

altimeter

An altimeter is used to measure the height of places.

Ammeter

ammeter

An ammeter is used to measure the flow of current or electrons.

Anemometer
anemometer

An anemometer is used to measure the speed of air.

Audiometer

Audiometer

An Audiometer is used to measure the intensity of sound.

Audio phone

Audio phone

An Audio phone is used to increase the intensity of sound.

Baro Graph

Baro Graph

Baro Graph is used to measure atmospheric pressure.

Binocular

Binocular

Binocular is used to see distance objects.

Calorimeter

Calorimeter

Calorimeter is used to measure amount of heat in an object.

Calipers

Calipers

Calipers are used to measure internal and external diameter of objects.

Carburetor

Carburetor

Carburetor is an instrument which charges vapor petrol and air inside a petrol engine.

Cardiograph

Cardiograph

Cardiograph is an instrument which records and measures the speed of human heart beat.

Chronometer

Chronometer

Chronometer is used to measure time in Ships, for accurate time measurement.

Crescograph

Crescograph

Crescograph is used to measure the growth of plants.

Dynamo

Dynamo

Dynamo is used to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy.

Fathometer

Fathometer

Fathometer is used to measure depth of sea in any place.

Galvanometer

Galvanometer

Galvanometer is used to small amount or ampere of current flow.

Geiger counter

Geiger counter

Geiger counter is a particle detector which also measures radiation level.

Lactometer

Lactometer

Lactometer is used to measure the density of milk and thus the amount of lacto or fat contained in milk.

Micro Phone

Micro Phone

Micro Phone converts sound signals to electrical signals.

Phonograph

Phonograph

Phonograph is an instrument to record sound and reproduce it.

Radar

Radar

Radar is an instrument to detect the presence and shape of objects in it’s range using microwave.

Seismograph

Seismograph

Seismograph is a scientific device which is used to measure the power of an earthquake.

Sextant

Sextant

A Sextant is an optical device which is used in space to measure the distance from earth.

Odometer

Odometer

Odometer is an instrument which is used to measure the distance traveled, It is used in vehicles.

Tachometer

Tachometer

Tachometer is used to count the rotating speed of a rotating body like engine , electric motor etc.

Thermocouple

Thermocouple

Thermocouple is a scientific instrument which works on the principle of thermoelectricity and is used to detect or measure heat.

Hydrometer

Hydrometer

Hydrometer is a scientific instrument which is used to measure Relative density or specific gravity of liquids.

Epidiascope

Epidiascope

Epidiascope is an optical instrument which is used to project the image of opaque objects.

Micrometer

Micrometer

A micrometer is a device which is used to measure small distance and angle with high precision.

Rain gauge

Rain gauge

Rain gauge is an instrument which is used to measure the amount of rain fall.

Stethoscope

Stethoscope

Stethoscope is an medical instruments used by medical persons to hear heart beats.

Hydrophone

Hydrophone

Hydrophone is an instrument which is used to record sounds underwater.

Hygrometer

Hygrometer

Hygrometer is an instrument using which we can measure relative humidity or air

Potentiometer

Potentiometer

Potentiometer is used to measure the electrical state between two objects , It is also used as variable resistance.

Spectrometer

Spectrometer

Spectrometer is an instrument which is used to split a spectrum of light into it’s constituent spectrum and study it.

Microscope

Microscope

Microscope is an instrument which is used to view tiny and micro particles.

Radiator

Radiator

Radiator is an instruments which dissipates heat from engines.

Pyrometer

Pyrometer

Pyrometer is an instrument which measures temperature of substances or surface without touching it, or from a distance.

Theodolite

Theodolite

Theodolite is an instrument which is used to measure angles in horizontal planes and vertical planes which is mainly used for surveying.

Compass

Compass

Compass is an instruments which is used to navigate direction relative to earth’s magnetic poles.

Phonometer

Phonometer

Phonometer is an instrument which is used measure the intensity and pitch of sound.

Biometer

Biometer

Biometer is an instrument which is used to measure carbon dioxide produced by living bodies.

Eudiometer

Eudiometer

Eudiometer is an instrument which measures the change in volume of gas after a chemical or physical change.

Electroscope

Electroscope

Electroscope is an instrument which is used to detect the presence and magnitude of electric charge, it is not in popular use now a days.

Thermometer

Thermometer

Thermometer is an instrument used to measure temperature or temperature gradient of a body.

Evaporimeter

Evaporimeter

Evaporimeter which is also called Atmometer is an instrument used to measure the rate of evaporation from a wet surface.

Sunshine recorder

Sunshine recorder

Sunshine recorder is an instrument which is used to measure the amount of sunshine in an area, it is used in meteorology.

Infrared thermometer

Infrared thermometer

Infrared thermometer is used to measure temperature of objects from a distance using the infrared wave emitted by the object due to thermal activities.

Pyranometer

Pyranometer

Pyranometer is used to to measure short wave radiation which is very energetic.

Net radiometer

Net radiometer

Net radiometer is an instrument which is used to measure the net radiation.

Neutron probe

Neutron probe

Neutron probe is used to measure the amount of water or wetness presence in soil. It is used mainly in agriculture science.

Oscillograph

Oscillograph

Oscillograph is an instrument which is used to measure and record a varying electric current also called alternating current.

pH meter

pH meter

pH meter is an instrument which is used to measure the pH or acidity and alkalinity of a liquid .

Rotameter

Rotameter

Rotameter is instrument which is used to measure the rate of flow of fluids or liquid and gas inside a closed tube.

Tensiometer

Tensiometer

Tensiometer is an instrument which is used to measure the surface tension of liquids.

Inclinometer

Inclinometer

Inclinometer is used to measure the inclination of a surface relative to the gravity.

Bolometer

Bolometer

Bolometer is an instruments used to measure the energy of incident electromagnetic radiation falling on a surface.

Durometer

Durometer

Durometer is an instrument which is used to measure the hardness or resistivity to permanent indentation of objects.

Encephalogram

Encephalogram

Encephalogram is an instrument which is used to record the electrical activity of neurons inside the brain.

There are a lot of measuring and scientific instruments , All of them are not listed here, But I will add new if I find about it.
You can suggest me to add instruments that are not here using the comment form below.



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1 Comments

  1. NONSO ONYEMA says:

    HELLO,
    PLEASE AM IN NEED OF THOSE PRODUCT NOW, PLZ KINDLY DIRCT ME ON HOW BUY THOSE PRODUCT HERE IN NIGERIA. THE PRODUCT ARE THERMOMETER,RAIN GUAGE,PH METERS, SUNSHINE RECORDER, ETC, TO SETUP A CLIMATE STATIONS. PLS GET BACK TO UGENTLY.